Nano Technology: Overview

Overview: Nano technology is a revolutionary approach to creating things from particles engineered at the level of atoms and molecules. The potential is vast, like health maintenance and disease prevention at the cellular level, early diagnoses of cancer, minimally invasive surgical procedures, green chemistry, environmentally safe wastewater treatment, paint and coating industries to minimize harmful solvent vapors which deplete our ozone, and many other nano techniques and technologies yet to be discover.


Nano Definition: Nano technology is any technology which exploits phenomena and structures which can only occur at the nanometer scale. The prefix “nano” signifies the scientific notation for one-billionth (10E9) of a meter, so a nanometer is one billionth of a meter. The best way to describe a nanometer is a grain of sand, which measures one million nano meters across; the average human hair is 80,000 nano meters in diameter; a red blood cell is 10,000 nanometers wide.


Nano Structure: For all nano structures it’s not just the chemistry, it’s the way they are put together under the rules of quantum mechanics; nano scale materials can behave very differently than their large-scale parent particles. This includes changing shape and crystalline structure as well as magnetic, optical, and electrical properties. For example, gold nano particles are red, while zinc oxide nano particles are transparent instead of white.


Uniqueness: Nano technology products extend the life of CD’s, DVD’s, iPod’s, digital, and LCD monitors, automobile paint and coatings, repels ice and snow from various hard surfaces, reflects UV rays, and minimizes damage caused by heat and high temperatures. Nano technology also reduces wind drag and friction, cleans with less effort and prevents mal odor from coming back for a long time, makes all polished surfaces resistant to abrasions and scratches, saves energy, and aids the environment in staying clean, which could profoundly change manufacturing processes in future.


Useful Nano Technologies: EST, Inc. utilizes nano technology in various cleaning, wastewater treatments, coatings, polishes, and nutrients for plants, which make products more environmentally friendly. Our new spray-on nano tech. coating protect CD, DVD, and iPod screens from scratching, make plants more absorbent of nutrients, clean-up oil spills, and clean-up industrial and sewage waste much faster than their counter parts. Nano technology based coatings could replace many of today’s industrial paints and coatings.

The nano tech coating has many unique characteristics, such as extreme flexibility, superior adhesion, and extremely smooths surface resistance to corrosion and microbial growth.


1. Meeting Global Energy Needs with Clean Solutions:

Balancing humanity’s energy demands while protecting the environment is a major challenge. Nano technology will help to solve the dilemma of energy needs and limited planetary resources through more efficient generation, storage, and distribution.

2. Providing Abundant Clean Water Globally:

The demand for fresh water is increasing. Considering the current rate of consumption and projected population growth, some two-thirds of the world will be affected by drought by the year 2050. Nano technology can help solve this problem through improved water purification and filtration.


3. Increasing Health and Longevity of Human Life:

Humans are living longer lives, yet infectious diseases and cancer continue to kill millions annually. Because of an aging population there could be a 50% increase of new cancer cases by the year 2020. Nano technology will enhance the quality of life for human beings through medical diagnostics, drug delivery, and customized therapy.


4. Maximizing Productivity of Agriculture:

Pressure on the world’s food sources is ever increasing while harvests have fallen short in recent years. It is anticipated that our world population will swell to 8.9 billion by the year 2050 putting even greater demands on agriculture. Precision farming, targeted pest management and the creation of high yield crops are a few nano technology solutions.


5. Making Powerful Information Technology Available Everywhere:

Humanity will need to cooperate as we respond to disasters and critical threats to our survival. A “planetary nervous system” fostering rapid communication and cross-cultural relationships is needed. Nano technology applications in electronics will increase access through reduced cost and higher performance of memory, networks, processors, and components.


6. Enabling the Development of Space:

Heavy demands on resources and raw materials are creating challenges on earth, whereas these items are plentiful in space. Current obstacles to developing space are cost, reliability, safety, and performance. Nano technology will solve these through improved fuels, smart materials, uniforms, and environments.