Liquid Humic Funtion and Properties

For generations man has recognized that crop production in black soils (rich in organic matter) is generally much better than in other soils.

However, in the 19th century as the role of certain elements (referred to as “mineral nutrients”) in plant growth began to be understood, the “humus theory” of plant nutrition began to draw less attention. By the early 20th century it was proven that soil fertility could be maintained for extended periods of time by addition of inorganic mineral fertilizers. On the other hand, during the same period other experiments demonstrated that plants grown in mineral nutrient solutions with added humic substances fared better than the same plants grown in the nutrient solutions alone. In spite of this, over time use of inorganic “mineral” fertilizers, such as the well-known NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) fertilizers have become the pillar of agronomic nutrition throughout most of the developed world.

In spite of the greater attention given to mineral fertilizers, research into the function of organic compounds, both those naturally occurring and those derived from such sources as composted vegetable and animal matter, peat, and various types of coal has continued. The humic substances derived from the decay of living organisms are an extremely complex and heterogeneous array of organic compounds containing a manifold diversity of chemically active functional groups, conclusively that both directly and indirectly humic substances have significant impact on the development of plant organisms.

Humic substances in the soil improve “soil structure”, affecting in a positive manner the behavior of water and air in the soil. Humus also markedly increases the cation exchange capacity (CEC) of soils, which affects the ability of the soil to hold and deliver macronutrients (NPK) and micronutrients (important elements, such as Fe and Zn, that occur in small quantities in the soil and aid in plant development) to plants. Humus also tends to lessen the negative effect of certain detrimental trace elements in the soil, increase a soil’s pH buffering capacity, and provide a substrate for beneficial microorganisms.

Beside these indirect effects, humic substances have been shown to play a direct role in aiding the actual transfer of macro & micro mineral nutrients into plants (“uptake”). In addition, humic substances themselves when taken into the plants (either through the root system or through the application of “foliar” sprays, that is, on growing leaves) can have beneficial effects on cell membranes, and in the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids. In effect, the assorted organic compounds that occur in humic substances behave in certain ways like enzymes in the metabolism of plants.

Humates are the result of decomposed prehistoric plant and animal matter. They provide at least 70 trace minerals for plant health and human health. Humates are metal (mineral) salts of humic acids, fulvic acids, ulmic acids and humic. It has been found that as plant matter decomposes, it first forms peat, which then turns to humate, then lignite, then Leonardite & eventually to coal. Because humate was once a living organism, the properties are rapidly absorbed into today’s plants.

Leonardite is a soft waxy, black or brown, shiny, vitreous mineral that is easily soluble in alkaline solutions. It is an oxidation product of lignite, associated with near-surface mining. It is a rich source of humic acid (up to 90%) and is used as a soil conditioner,

What does Peat-aged Humate do for you?

  • Reduce the amount of water needed for healthy plants.
  • Reduce the amount of water runoff.
  • Reduce fertilizer usage.
  • Contains and makes use of salt buildups by reducing soil acidity.
  • Reduces the need for pesticides.
  • Helps control pollutant contamination.
  • Makes plants more drought, heat and cold resistant.
  • Adds incredible diversity to the Soil Food Web.
  • Reduces the amount of water needed for healthy plant.
  • Acts as a bio-stimulant.
  • Improves soil physical properties.
  • Holds exchangeable plant nutrients.
  • Improves moisture conditions.
  • Affects the release of plant nutrients through slow decomposition.
  • Improves trace element nutrition through Chelation.
  • Chlorosis in plants has been prevented or corrected by humate application.
  • Help control pollution of ground water.